Matthew Hammond

Matthew completed his PhD at the Reach Lab, the University of Auckland in 2015. Matthew now is a Lecturer (Assistant Professor) at Victoria University of Wellington. His research programme examines how social and individual difference factors influence relationship functioning, including the causes and consequences of aggression, effective and ineffective social support, and biases in social perception. The core of his programme tests how sexist stereotypes are not simply a predictor of societal differences between men and women, such as unequal representation in government, but also shapes personal and relationship wellbeing in important ways that foster gender inequality. For example, men’s agreement with stereotypes that “women are emotionally manipulative” can trigger aggression even toward their partners. In contrast, women who agree with stereotypes that “men’s role is to protect and cherish women” tend to be responsive support providers, but also experience greater drops in satisfaction if their relationship encounters problems.


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Journal Articles with REACH members – Also see: Google Scholar

Overall, N.C. & Hammond, M.D. (in press). How intimate relationships contribute to gender inequality: Sexist attitudes encourage women to trade-off career success for relationship security. Policy Insights from Behavioral and Brain

Cross, E.J., Overall, N.C., Hammond, M.D., & Fletcher, G.J.O. (in press). When does Men’s Hostile Sexism Predict Relationship Aggression? The Moderating Role of Partner Commitment. Social Psychological and Personality

Overall, N.C., Hammond, M.D., McNulty, J.K., & Finkel, E.J. (2016). Power in context: Relationship and situational power interact to predict men’s aggression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 111, 195-217. DOI: 10.1037/pspi0000059

Cross, E.J., Overall, N.C. & Hammond, M.D. (2016). Perceiving partners to endorse benevolent sexism attenuates highly anxious women’s negative reactions to conflict. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 42, 923-940.

Hammond, M.D., Overall, N.C. & Cross, E.J. (2016). Internalizing sexism within close relationships: Perceptions of intimate partners’ benevolent sexism promote women’s endorsement of benevolent sexism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 110, 214-238.

Hammond, M.D., & Overall, N.C. (2015). Benevolent sexism and support of romantic partner’s goals: Undermining women’s competence while fulfilling men’s intimacy needs. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41, 1180-1194. DOI: 10.1177/0146167215593492 [Download PDF]

Hammond, M.D., & Overall, N.C. (2014). Endorsing benevolent sexism magnifies willingness to dissolve relationships when facing partner-ideal discrepancies. Personal Relationships, 21(2), 272-287. DOI: 10.1111/pere.12031 [Download PDF]

Hammond, M.D., Sibley, C.G., & Overall, N.C. (2014). The allure of sexism: Narcissism fosters women’s endorsement of benevolent sexism over time. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 422-429. DOI: 10.1177/1948550613506124

Overall, N. C., Girme, Y.U., Lemay, E. P. Jr., & Hammond, M.D. (2014). Attachment anxiety and reactions to relationship threat: The benefits and costs of inducing guilt in romantic partners. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106, 235-256. DOI: 10.1037/a0034371 [Download PDF]

Hammond, M.D., & Overall, N.C. (2013a). Men’s hostile sexism and biased perceptions of intimate partners: Fostering dissatisfaction and negative behavior in close relationships. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39, 1585-1599. DOI: 10.1177/0146167213499026  [Download PDF]

Hammond, M.D., & Overall, N.C. (2013b). When Relationships do not live up to Benevolent Ideals: Women’s Benevolent Sexism and Sensitivity to Relationship Problems. European Journal of Social Psychology, 43, 212-223. DOI:10.1002/ejsp.1939  [Download PDF]

Overall, N.C. & Hammond, M.D. (2013). Biased and accurate: Depressive symptoms and daily perceptions within intimate relationships. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39, 636-650. DOI: 10.1177/0146167213480188 [Download PDF]

Hammond, M. D., & Sibley, C. G., (2011). Why are benevolent sexists happier? Sex Roles, 65, 332-343. DOI: 10.1007/s11199-011-0017-2

Sibley, C. G., Luyten, N., Purnomo, M., Moberly, A., Wootton, L. W., Hammond, M. D., & Robertson, A. (2011). The Mini-IPIP6: Validation and extension of a short measure of the Big-Six factors of personality in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 40, 142-159.


Hammond M. D., & Overall, N. C. (2017). Sexism in interpersonal contexts. In Sibley, C. G., & Barlow, F. K. (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of the Psychology of Prejudice (pp. 321-344).  Cambridge University Press.

Other Media

Overall, N. C., & Hammond, M. D., (2013). Biased and accurate: Depressive symptoms and daily perceptions within intimate relationships. . Society of Personality and Social Psychology Connections. [Read Article Here]